Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Trumpet sounds from the sky: Natural phenomena or the End Times?

"BambergApocalypseFolio019v7AngelsWith7TrumpetsAnd1WithCenser" by Auftraggeber: Otto III. oder Heinrich II. - Bamberger Apokalypse Folio 19 verso, Bamberg, Staatsbibliothek, MS A. II. 42. Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

A friend sent me some links regarding the trumpet sounds heard by people in different parts of the world: Belarus (2008), Kiev in Ukraine (2011), Montana in US (2012), Texas in US (2012), British Columbia in Canada (2013), and Batangas in Philippines (2015). Let's discuss the possible scientific explanations for these phenomena and their possible significance in announcing the End Times.

A. POSSIBLE SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATIONS OF THE TRUMPET SOUNDS

So far, I found two explanations proposed: (1) Hum and (2) Whistlers.


1. Hum

The hum is discussed in EV World as follows:
Dr. David Deming with the University of Oklahoma describes the Hum as "comparable to the sound of a distant diesel engine idling." He wrote a paper about it for the Journal of Scientific Exploration paper entitled, The Hum: An Anomalous Sound Heard Around the World....
I think the trumpet sounds in the videos are not the same as "distant diesel engine idling."Nevertheless, let us look at other possible explanations presented by EV World:
One researcher in the UK believes the source of the Hum is the interaction between the electric power grid and Earth's magnetic field. Sources such as cellphone towers, LORAN, HAARP and TACAOM, all man-made electron systems have been ruled out. although research during World War Two in Britain found that some people could actually hear radar. Subsequent research has demonstrated it's possible to hear certain types of electromagnetic pulses. The latest theory has to do with the interaction of North Pacific ocean waves pounding the American coastline starting in Alaska and their transmission as very low frequency waves through the Earth's crust. Typically, the Hum is heard only inside buildings, which may be acting as resonating cavities, especially if they have basements,which my house does.
I think we can rule out direct hearing of radio waves (radar) by humans, because these trumpet sounds were recorded directly as audio signals. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves due to the oscillation of electric and magnetic fields, while sound waves are mechanical waves due to compression and expansion of air, water, or solids.

Maybe electrical transformers can provide the link between electromagnetic and mechanical waves:
Mains hum, electric hum, or power line hum is a sound associated with alternating current at the frequency of the mains electricity. The fundamental frequency of this sound is usually 50 Hz or 60 Hz, depending on the local power-line frequency. The sound often has heavy harmonic content above 50–60 Hz. Because of the presence of mains current in mains-powered audio equipment as well as ubiquitous AC electromagnetic fields from nearby appliances and wiring, 50/60 Hz electrical noise can get into audio systems, and is heard as mains hum from their speakers. Mains hum may also be heard coming from powerful electric power grid equipment such as utility transformers, caused by mechanical vibrations induced by the powerful AC current in them.
 If this were true, then the proposal that the Hum is a result of the interaction of the electrical power grid and Earth's magnetic field may sound promising. But 60 Hz is too low for a trumpet sound, which corresponds to roughly to C2 (65.41 Hz), while the middle C in piano is at C4 (261.63 Hz). Trumpet sounds, on the other hand, are from E3 (165 Hz) to B5 (988 Hz).

B. Tweeks, Whistlers, and Sferics

NASA weighed in on the trumpet sound controversy:
The Agency said: ‘If humans had radio antennas instead of ears, we would hear a remarkable symphony of strange noises coming from our own planet. Scientists call them "tweeks," "whistlers" and "sferics." 'They sound like background music from a flamboyant science fiction film, but this is not science fiction. Earth's natural radio emissions are real and, although we're mostly unaware of them, they are around us all the time.’ For instance lightning can produce eerie-sounding radio emissions, Nasa added. Earthquakes can also produce sub-audible sounds, according to seismologist Brian W Stump from the Southern Methodist University in Dallas. (Daily Mail)

Inspire has a good discussion regarding tweeks, whistlers, and sferics:

Sferics, short for "atmospherics", are the impulsive signals emitted by lightning. The frequency range is from a few hertz to millions of hertz. The part of this range that we can hear (the audio range) has frequencies up to about 15 thousand hertz (15 kHz). The spectrograms of sferics are characterized by vertical lines on the frequency-time graph indicating the simultaneous arrival of all of the audio frequencies. The sound of sferics consists of sharp crackling noises like twigs snapping or sizzling noises like bacon frying. Sferics are caused by lightning strokes within a couple of thousand kilometers of the receiver. The VLF radio signal is ducted to the receiver between the surface of the earth and layers in the ionosphere which reflect radio waves. This path is called the earth-ionosphere waveguide. Note: We can't really "hear" radio waves. The audio range refers to the radio waves that, when fed directly into a speaker, can be heard.

Tweeks result when sferics are ducted in the earth-ionosphere waveguide distances much greater than a couple of thousand kilometers. The distance can be as great as halfway around the earth (20,000 kilometers). When ducted over large distances, the VLF radio waves undergo a process called dispersion - that is the higher frequencies travel slightly faster than the lower frequencies. This is especially true of the frequencies between 3 and 2 kilohertz. Tweeks sound much different than sferics. Instead of the sharp crackling sound, tweeks have a quick musical sound somewhat like the ricochet sound bullets make (at least in the movies). The spectrogram of a tweek shows a vertical line at the higher frequencies with a curved section (called the "hook") appearing at a frequency of about 2 kilohertz.
Under the right conditions, the VLF signal travels out away from earth and returns by traveling along a magnetic field line. During this long path, dispersion is much greater than with tweeks. While tweeks might disperse a few hundred kilohertz over a few thousandths of a second, whistlers show a dispersion of a second or more over several thousand kilohertz. The sound of a whistler is a musical descending tone that lasts for a second or more. On the spectrogram, whistlers appear as long sweeping arcs showing the sequential arrival of the frequencies. It is important to remember that all of the frequencies start out at the same time (a sferic), but the path taken by a whistler is so long that the dispersion of the frequencies is quite pronounced.
 So my best bet for the eerie trumpet sounds would be whistlers: "the sound of a whistler is a musical descending tone that lasts for a second or more." I think these electromagnetic signals act on the electrical power grid making it hum at certain dominant frequencies and their higher harmonics or octaves. 

B. TRUMPET SOUNDS AND THE END TIMES

1. Trumpets of the Seven Angels

The Book of Revelation (Chapters 8-10)describes what happens when the seven angels blow their trumpets:
  • Angel 1. There came hail and fire mixed with blood, which was hurled down to the earth. A third of the land was burned up, along with a third of the trees and all green grass.
  • Angel 2.  Something like a large burning mountain was hurled into the sea. A third of the sea turned to blood,f 9a third of the creatures living in the sea* died, and a third of the ships were wrecked. 
  • Angel 3. A large star burning like a torch fell from the sky. It fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water.g 11The star was called “Wormwood,”* and a third of all the water turned to wormwood. Many people died from this water, because it was made bitter.h 
  • Angel 4. A third of the sun, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars were struck, so that a third of them became dark. The day lost its light for a third of the time, as did the night.
  • Angel 5. The appearance of the locusts was like that of horses ready for battle. On their heads they wore what looked like crowns of gold; their faces were like human faces,e 8and they had hair like women’s hair. Their teeth were like lions’ teeth,f 9and they had chests like iron breastplates. The sound of their wings was like the sound of many horse-drawn chariots racing into battle. 10They had tails like scorpions, with stingers; with their tails they had power to harm people for five months. 11They had as their king the angel of the abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon* and in Greek Apollyon. 
  • Angel 6. The number of cavalry troops was two hundred million; I heard their number. 17Now in my vision this is how I saw the horses and their riders. They wore red, blue, and yellow breastplates,* and the horses’ heads were like heads of lions, and out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and sulfur.h 18By these three plagues of fire, smoke, and sulfur that came out of their mouths a third of the human race was killed.
  • Angel 7. Then the angel I saw standing on the sea and on the land raised his right hand to heaven 6and swore by the one who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and earth and sea* and all that is in them, “There shall be no more delay.b 7At the time when you hear the seventh angel blow his trumpet, the mysterious plan of God* shall be fulfilled, as he promised to his servants the prophets.”c
2. New Age Movement
 
The Book of Revelation made a note after the 6th Angel blew his trumpet:
The rest of the human race, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands,* to give up the worship of demons and idols made from gold, silver, bronze, stone, and wood, which cannot see or hear or walk.i 21Nor did they repent of their murders, their magic potions, their unchastity, or their robberies.(Rev 9:20-21)
The worship of demons and idols is now at hand with popularity of the New Age Movement:

The New Age movement is a religious or spiritual movement that developed in Western nations during the 1970s. Precise scholarly definitions of the movement differ in their emphasis, largely as a result of its highly eclectic structure. Nevertheless, the movement is characterised by a holistic view of the cosmos, a belief in an emergent Age of Aquarius – from which the movement gets its name – an emphasis on self-spirituality and the authority of the self, a focus on healing (particularly with alternative therapies), a belief in channeling, and an adoption of a "New Age science" that makes use of elements of the new physics. The New Age movement evolved from an array of earlier religious movements and philosophies, in particular nineteenth-century groups such as the Theosophical Society and Gurdjieff. It also incorporates strands from metaphysics, perennial philosophy, self-help psychology, and various Indian teachings such as Buddhism, Hinduism and Yoga.[1] In the 1970s, it developed a social and political component.[2] Its central precepts have been described as "drawing on both Eastern and Western spiritual and metaphysical traditions and infusing them with influences from self-help and motivational psychology".[3] The term New Age refers to the coming astrological Age of Aquarius.[4] The New Age movement includes elements of older spiritual and religious traditions ranging from monotheism through pantheism, pandeism, panentheism, and polytheism combined with science and Gaia philosophy; particularly archaeoastronomy, astrology, ecology, environmentalism, the Gaia hypothesis, psychology, and physics. New Age practices and philosophies sometimes draw inspiration from major world religions: Buddhism, Taoism, Chinese folk religion, Christianity, Hinduism, Sufism (Islam), Judaism (especially Kabbalah), Sikhism; with strong influences from East Asian religions, Esotericism, Gnosticism, Hermeticism, Idealism, Neopaganism, New Thought, Spiritualism, Theosophy, Universalism, and Wisdom tradition.[5] (Wikipedia: New Age)
3. Contraception, Abortion, and Sexual Sins

On the other hand, we may interpret "murders, magic potions, and unchastity" as abortion, the birth control pill, and sexual sins.  Here are some examples of sexual sins, as listed under the Sixth Commandment in the Catechism of the Catholic Church:

2353 Fornication is carnal union between an unmarried man and an unmarried woman. It is gravely contrary to the dignity of persons and of human sexuality which is naturally ordered to the good of spouses and the generation and education of children. Moreover, it is a grave scandal when there is corruption of the young. 

2354 Pornography consists in removing real or simulated sexual acts from the intimacy of the partners, in order to display them deliberately to third parties. It offends against chastity because it perverts the conjugal act, the intimate giving of spouses to each other. It does grave injury to the dignity of its participants (actors, vendors, the public), since each one becomes an object of base pleasure and illicit profit for others. It immerses all who are involved in the illusion of a fantasy world. It is a grave offense. Civil authorities should prevent the production and distribution of pornographic materials.  
2380 Adultery refers to marital infidelity. When two partners, of whom at least one is married to another party, have sexual relations - even transient ones - they commit adultery. Christ condemns even adultery of mere desire.171 The sixth commandment and the New Testament forbid adultery absolutely.172 The prophets denounce the gravity of adultery; they see it as an image of the sin of idolatry.173 

It is interesting that these things became more widespread also in the 1970s, the years when the New Age Movement arose. According to the Brief History of the Birth Control Pill by PBS, the Pill was approved by FDA in 1960. By 1965, 6.5 million American women are on pill, making it the most popular form of birth control in the US. And in 1968, Pope Paul VI declares his opposition to the Pill through his encyclical, Humanae Vitae.

The history of abortion in the US is also connected to 1970s. According to Wikipedia:
In 1964 Gerri Santoro of Connecticut died trying to obtain an illegal abortion and her photo became the symbol of the pro-choice movement.... In 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court case Griswold v. Connecticut struck down one of the remaining contraception Comstock laws in Connecticut and Massachusetts...In 1967, Colorado became the first state to decriminalize abortion in cases of rape, incest, or in which pregnancy would lead to permanent physical disability of the woman...In January 22, 1973, the Supreme Court ruled that a Texas statute forbidding abortion except when necessary to save the life of the mother was unconstitutional (Roe vs. Wade).
C. CONCLUSIONS

It is possible that the trumpet sounds heard around the world are due to natural causes, such as electromagnetic waves from lightning strikes that travel between the earth and the ionosphere, which become dispersed in the process, so that waves of different frequencies arrive to the receiver at different times. The receiver here maybe the electrical grid networks that mechanically vibrates upon the reception of these dispersed electromagnetic waves.

But despite these physical explanations, a man of Faith may connect these things to the seven trumpets before the End Times as prophesied in the Book of Revelation. The sins of men after the 6th trumpet were already present in the 1970s: (1) the worship of demons and idols in the form of the New Age Movement and (2) the "murders, magic potions, and unchastity" as abortion, the birth control pill, and sexual sins. Perhaps, the 6th trumpet describing 200 million tanks (cavalry) that will wipe out a third of humanity may still happen in World War III.

No one knows when the End of the World and the Last Judgment will come, but Christ encourages us to read the signs of times (c.f. Mt 16:3) and prepare for his Second Coming whenever that may be.
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